There are live bacteria in people’s mouths all the time. A lot of these bacteria became plaques that can cause cavities or tooth decay, and gingivitis. It can lead to periodontal or gum disease. For a bright and healthy smile, people need to practice good regular oral hygiene.
Brushing and flossing after every meal and using mouthwashes with antimicrobial properties help keep these bacteria that can cause serious diseases from reproducing in the mouth and can cause tooth decay. A healthy diet that minimizes starchy and sugary foods can help keep the harmful bacteria under control.
Where do cavities come from?
The mouth is home to a lot of bacteria that are recycling the drinks and food that we ingest. This process can cause cavities or tooth decay in the mouth (by feeding on the starch or sugars in the drink and foods people consume to grow), then leaving the waste byproduct behind. This byproduct is known as biofilm or dental plaque.
This biofilm allows the little recyclers to stick to the teeth a lot longer until they make acids that can wear down the enamel and cause tooth decay. These bacteria in the plaque forms near the gums will produce toxic products in the gum tissues and cause gingivitis. If left untreated, it may become periodontitis, a serious gum infection where tissue and bones are lost around the teeth.
A lot of food and beverages people consume cause bacteria in the mouth to produce harmful acids. Sugary foods and beverages are clear sources of harmful plaque, but there are other sources that people might not realize can cause more harm than good. Starches like cereals, crackers, or bread also cause acid formation.
This dental plaque created from bacteria will also produce substances that can irritate or harm the gums, making them sensitive, reddish in color, and susceptible to bleeding. It can lead to serious gum diseases, in which the gums will pull away from the teeth and form pockets that will be filled with pus and bacteria. If the gums are left untreated, the surrounding bone can be destroyed, and the teeth need to be removed or become loose.
Check out this site for more information about gingivitis.
How can people prevent cavity formation?
The best way to prevent cavity formation and remove plaque is by regularly brushing and cleaning the teeth. Brushing helps remove plaque from the surface. Brushing at least twice a day using a soft-bristled brush is very important to help maintain proper oral health.
The brush’s shape and size need to fit the mouth and allow the person to reach hard-to-reach areas of the mouth. They can use antimicrobial pastes that contain fluoride. It can help protect the teeth from further decay. Clean the teeth at least once a day using floss or dental cleaners to help remove plaque between the teeth, where brushes cannot reach. Regular flossing is imperative to prevent dental problems like gum diseases.
Proper flossing and brushing techniques
The American Dental Association or ADA recommends the techniques listed below for flossing and brushing the teeth:
Place the brush at a 45° angle against the gums.
Move it back and forth in short strokes.
Brush the outer, chewing, and the inner surfaces of the teeth
Use the tip of the toothbrush to clean the tooth’s inner surfaces with an up-and-down and gentle stroke.
Brush the tongue to remove any bacteria and help freshen the breath
Break off more or less 18 inches of quality floss and wrap it around both hands’ middle finger. Hold it tightly between the forefingers and thumbs.
Guide the string between the teeth using a rubbing motion
When the string reaches the gums, curve the string into a C-shape against a tooth. Gently slide the string into the space between the gums and the tooth.
Bring it back towards the starting point in between the teeth and move it up and down both sides, conforming to the tooth’s shape.
Hold it tightly and gently rub both sides, moving it away from the gum using an up-and-down motion.
Repeat the method for the rest of the teeth
For more info about mouthwashes, visit https://www.misstral.com/mouthwash-a-component-of-oral-hygiene for details.
Use mouthwash for additional protection
In addition to regular flossing and brushing, using a mouthwash can maximize the cleanliness of the mouth. Mouthwashes with antimicrobial qualities are used to reduce bacterial growth and plaque buildup, which can cause gum disease and gingivitis. Mouth rinses with fluoride also help minimize or prevent cavities.
Always talk to a dental professional about new products you are planning to try. Not everyone needs to use fluoride in their mouthwashes. For example, fluoride mouthwashes are not recommended for kids ages six years and younger since they swallow anything that comes in contact with their mouths. Check the label of every bottle for age recommendations and precautions. Ask dentists about the use of these chemicals in mouth rinses.
Examination and preventive care
Regular dental examinations are crucial when it comes to detection, as well as prevention of oral problems. During these examinations, professionals will ask patients about any health issues they have or any medication they are currently taking and discuss how it can affect their overall oral health.
For instance, if a person has diabetes, they are at risk of having gum disease and other oral issues. Dental professionals will verify the filling or other restorations’ stability and evaluate the need for repair or replacement. They will also check the bite and jaw for any signs of problems.
During these examinations, dentists will also look for any oral cancer signs in the throat and mouth areas. Dentists may also take X-rays or perform more diagnostic procedures to develop a thorough treatment plan, which will be reviewed with the patient after the examination.
Patients need to remember that it needs more than one visit to provide a detailed and full evaluation, as well as implement a comprehensive treatment plan. These examinations allow the professional to keep the patient’s mouth in excellent shape and monitor any conditions that may arise or lead to body issues. Dental experts can also recommend good nutrition, and dental hygiene, as well as provide counseling for exceptional dental and oral health care needs like tobacco cessation.